DocuWatch on Facebook
Art America Britain History Science Societies War Shop
DocuWatch

Boudica
In Search of Boadicea
Boudicca. Warrior queen
Decisive Battles E10 Boudicca Warrior Queen
Boudicca - The Iceni Rebellion
Boudicca - Warrior queen
Boudica's Lost Tribe

« Beowulf

Britain A.D. - 01 King Arthur's Britain »

Description

Fact Or Fiction - Boudica

From Wikipedia

Boudica, also known as Boadicea  and known in Welsh as Buddug
(d. AD 60 or 61)
was queen of the British Iceni tribe who led an uprising against the occupying forces of the Roman Empire.
Boudica's husband Prasutagus, ruler of the Iceni tribe who had ruled as a nominally independent ally of Rome, left his kingdom jointly to his daughters and the Roman Emperor in his will. However, when he died, his will was ignored — the kingdom was annexed as if conquered, Boudica was flogged, her daughters were raped, and Roman financiers called in their loans.

queen_boudica_by_john_opie.jpg

In AD 60 or 61, while the Roman governor, Gaius Suetonius Paulinus, was leading a campaign on the island of Anglesey in northern Wales, Boudica led the Iceni people, along with the Trinovantes and others, in revolt. They destroyed Camulodunum (modern Colchester), formerly the capital of the Trinovantes, but now a colonia (a settlement for discharged Roman soldiers) and the site of a temple to the former emperor Claudius, which was built and maintained at local expense. They also routed a Roman legion, the IX Hispana, sent to relieve the settlement.

On hearing the news of the revolt Suetonius hurried to Londinium (London), the twenty-year-old commercial settlement that was the rebels' next target. Concluding that he did not have the numbers to defend the settlement, Suetonius evacuated and abandoned it — Londinium was burnt to the ground, as was Verulamium (St Albans). An estimated 70,000–80,000 people were killed in the three cities (though the figures are suspect). Suetonius, meanwhile, regrouped his forces in the West Midlands and, despite being heavily outnumbered, defeated the Britons in the Battle of Watling Street. The crisis caused the emperor Nero to consider withdrawing all Roman forces from Britain, but Suetonius' eventual victory over Boudica re-secured Roman control of the province. Boudica then either killed herself so she would not be captured, or fell ill and died — the extant sources, Tacitus and Cassius Dio, differ.

Interest in the history of these events was revived during the English Renaissance and led to a resurgence of Boudica's legendary fame during the Victorian era, when Queen Victoria was portrayed as her 'namesake'. Boudica has since remained an important cultural symbol in the United Kingdom. The absence of native British literature during the early part of the first millennium means that Britain owes its knowledge of Boudica's rebellion solely to the writings of the Romans.

Tags

Other videos in channel "Britain First Millenium A.D.":

Beowulf Beowulf Boudica Boudica Britain A.D. - 01 King Arthur's Britain Britain A.D. - 01 King Arthur's Britain
Britain A.D. - 02 The Invasion That Never Was Britain A.D. - 02 The Invasion That Never Was Britain A.D. - 03 The Not So Dark Ages Britain A.D. - 03 The Not So Dark Ages
Eric Bloodaxe Eric Bloodaxe Hadrian's Wall Hadrian's Wall In Search of Alfred the Great In Search of Alfred the Great
In Search Of Arthur In Search Of Arthur In Search of Athelstan In Search of Athelstan
In Search Of Ethelred The Unready In Search Of Ethelred The Unready In Search of Offa In Search of Offa King Alfred and the Anglo Saxons King Alfred and the Anglo Saxons
Roman Invasion of Britain Roman Invasion of Britain Saxon Gold Saxon Gold The 3rd Age of Britain - 43-410 AD The 3rd Age of Britain - 43-410 AD
The 4th Age of Britain - 410-1066 AD The 4th Age of Britain - 410-1066 AD The Dark Ages The Dark Ages The Romans In Britain The Romans In Britain
The Viking Age The Viking Age Time Team Time Team Time Team - Roman Britain Time Team - Roman Britain
Treasures of the Anglo-Saxons Treasures of the Anglo-Saxons    
Video channels
Videos in this channel
AdSense
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured