DocuWatch on Facebook
Art America Britain History Science Societies War Shop
DocuWatch

Highland Clans - Clan MacDonald

« Highland Clans - Clan Fraser

Highland Clans - Clan MacGregor »

Description

From Wikipedia


Highland Clans

Clan MacDonald

Clan Donald is one of the largest Scottish clans. There are numerous branches to the clan. Several of these have chiefs recognised by the Lord Lyon King of Arms; these are: Clan Macdonald of Sleat, Clan Macdonald of Clanranald, Clan MacDonell of Glengarry, Clan MacDonald of Keppoch, and Clan MacAlister. Notable branches without chiefs so-recognised are: the McDonnells of Antrim, the MacDonalds of Dunnyveg, MacDonalds of Lochalsh, the MacDonalds of Glencoe, and the MacDonalds of Ardnamurchan.

The Norse-Gaelic Clan Donald traces its descent from Dòmhnall Mac Raghnuill (d. circa 1250), whose father Reginald or Ranald was styled "King of the Isles" and "Lord of Argyll and Kintyre". Ranald's father, Somerled was styled "King of the Hebrides", and was killed campaigning against Malcolm IV of Scotland at the Battle of Renfrew in 1164. Clan Donald shares a descent from Somerled with Clan MacDougall, who trace their lineage from his elder son, Blake Donald.

Gaelic tradition gave Somerled a Celtic descent in the male line, as the medieval Seanachies traced his lineage through a long line of ancestors back to Colla Uais and Conn of the Hundred Battles. Thus Clan Donald claimed to be both Clann Cholla and Siol Chuinn (Children of Colla and Seed of Conn). Possibly the oldest piece of poetry attributed to the MacDonalds is a brosnachadh (an incitement to battle) which was said to have been written in 1411, on the day of the Battle of Harlaw. The first lines of the poem begin "A Chlanna Cuinn cuimhnichibh / Cruas an àm na h-iorghaile," (Ye children of Conn remember hardihood in the time of battle). A later poem made to John of Islay (1434 – 1503), last of the MacDonald Lords of the Isles, proclaims "Ceannas Ghàidheal do Chlainn Cholla, còir fhògradh," (The Headship of the Gael to the family of Colla, it is right to proclaim it), giving MacDonald's genealogy back to Colla Uais.

However a recent DNA study has shown that Somerled may have been of Norse descent in his male line. By testing the Y-DNA of males bearing the surnames MacDonald, MacDougall, MacAlister, and their variants it was found that a substantial proportion of men tested shared the same Y-DNA and a direct paternal ancestor. This distinct Y-chromosome R1a1 haplotype found in Scotland has been regarded as often showing Norse descent in the British Isles. According to the Clan Donald DNA Project about 22% of tested participants have this signature of Somerled.

/armadale_castle_front.jpg

Tags

 

Other videos in channel "History Of Scotland":

Addicted to Pleasure Addicted to Pleasure Auld Dundee Auld Dundee Braveheart's Scotland Braveheart's Scotland
Castles Of Scotland Castles Of Scotland Creating The Kelpies Creating The Kelpies
Culloden Culloden Elizabeth - Queen of Scots Elizabeth - Queen of Scots Great Scotch Whisky Great Scotch Whisky
Highland Clans - Clan Campbell Highland Clans - Clan Campbell Highland Clans - Clan Fraser Highland Clans - Clan Fraser
Highland Clans - Clan MacDonald Highland Clans - Clan MacDonald Highland Clans - Clan MacGregor Highland Clans - Clan MacGregor Highland Clans - Clan Mackenzie Highland Clans - Clan Mackenzie
History Of Scotland - 01The Last Of The Free History Of Scotland - 01The Last Of The Free History Of Scotland - 02 Hammers Of The Scots History Of Scotland - 02 Hammers Of The Scots History Of Scotland - 03 Bishop Makes King History Of Scotland - 03 Bishop Makes King
History Of Scotland - 04 Language Is Power History Of Scotland - 04 Language Is Power History Of Scotland - 05 Project Britain History Of Scotland - 05 Project Britain History Of Scotland 06 - God's Chosen People History Of Scotland 06 - God's Chosen People
history Of Scotland 07 - Let's Pretend history Of Scotland 07 - Let's Pretend History Of Scotland 08 - The Price Of Progress History Of Scotland 08 - The Price Of Progress History Of Scotland 09 - This Land Is Our Land History Of Scotland 09 - This Land Is Our Land
History Of Scotland 10 - Project Scotland History Of Scotland 10 - Project Scotland Men of Rock Men of Rock Northern Islands Of Britain Northern Islands Of Britain
Robert Burns - The Peoples Poet Robert Burns - The Peoples Poet Rosslyn Chapel - A Treasure in Stone Rosslyn Chapel - A Treasure in Stone Scotland - The Edge Of The Land Scotland - The Edge Of The Land
Scotland Revealed Scotland Revealed Scotland: Rome's Final Frontier Scotland: Rome's Final Frontier Scotland's Clans Scotland's Clans
Scottish Independence Scottish Independence Thatcher & the Scots Thatcher & the Scots The Last Duel The Last Duel
The Men Who Own Scotland The Men Who Own Scotland The Picts The Picts The Story of Scotland - Before Scotland The Story of Scotland - Before Scotland
The Supreme Sacrifice The Supreme Sacrifice The Tower People of Shetland The Tower People of Shetland Watching Ourselves - 60 years of TV in Scotland Watching Ourselves - 60 years of TV in Scotland
Weir's Way Weir's Way William Wallace William Wallace  
Video channels
Videos in this channel
AdSense
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured