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The Story of England 06 - Victoria to the Present-Day

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The Story of England

Part Six
Victoria to the Present-Day

 The Victorian era of the United Kingdom was the period of Queen Victoria's reign from June 1837 until her death on the 22nd of January 1901. The reign was a long period of prosperity for the British people, as profits gained from the overseas British Empire, as well as from industrial improvements at home. Some scholars extend the beginning of the period—as defined by a variety of sensibilities and political games that have come to be associated with the Victorians—back five years to the passage of the Reform Act 1832.

The era was preceded by the Georgian period and succeeded by the Edwardian period. The latter half of the Victorian era roughly coincided with the first portion of the Belle Époque era of continental Europe and the Gilded Age of the United States.

The era is often characterised as a long period of peace, known as the Pax Britannica, and economic, colonial, and industrial consolidation, temporarily disrupted by the Crimean War, although Britain was at war every year during this time. Towards the end of the century, the policies of New Imperialism led to increasing colonial conflicts and eventually the Anglo-Zanzibar War and the Boer War. Domestically, the agenda was increasingly liberal with a number of shifts in the direction of gradual political reform and the widening of the voting franchise.

The population of England had almost doubled from 16.8 million in 1851 to 30.5 million in 1901. Scotland's population also doubled from 2.8 million in 1851 to 4.4 million in 1901. Ireland’s population decreased rapidly, from 8.2 million in 1841 to less than 4.5 million in 1901. At the same time, around 15 million emigrants left the United Kingdom in the Victorian era and settled mostly in the United States, Canada, and Australia.

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Other videos in channel "Story of England":

The Story of England 01 - Romans to Normans The Story of England 01 - Romans to Normans The Story of England 02 - Domesday to Magna Carta The Story of England 02 - Domesday to Magna Carta The Story of England 03 - The Great Famine and the Black Death The Story of England 03 - The Great Famine and the Black Death
The Story of England 04 - The Peasants Revolt to the Tudors The Story of England 04 - The Peasants Revolt to the Tudors The Story of England 05 - Henry VIII to the Industrial Revolution The Story of England 05 - Henry VIII to the Industrial Revolution
The Story of England 06 - Victoria to the Present-Day The Story of England 06 - Victoria to the Present-Day    
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